December 2019

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Articles (Eng.)

Physical processes modern investigation methods in power-intensive industrial equipments
dokeng.pdf (1.78 MB)
Panov E.N., Karvatsky A.Ya, Shilovich I.L., Vasil'chenko g.N., Shilovich T.B., Leleka S.V., Danilenko S.V., Bil'ko V.V., Pulinets I.V., Chyzh A.N.
Development of thermal regime control for crucibleless AHP method
art_4.pdf (379.99 kB)
V. I. Deshko, V. D. Golyshev, A. Ya. Karvatskii, Yu. V. Lokhmanets
Functional Materials. — 2008. — 15, No. 1. — Р. 90—96.


The results of control possibility investigations for crucibleless AHP crystal grows method are considered. Numerical studies have been carried out basing on a specially designed global heat exchange model.The control methods based on radiation flux variation and circular gap in the lateral thermal insulation against the melt surface have been found to change substantially the temperature fields and thermal fluxes at crystallization front due to the variations of radiation fluxes to the environment/ The effect of the diaphragm height location and of diaphragm and surrounding constructions thermal-physical properties on the crystallization front shape have been considered.

Control of radiation-conductive heat exchange at crystal growth from melt
art_5.pdf (466.74 kB)
V. I. Deshko, V. D. Golyshev, A. Ya. Karvatskii, Yu. V. Lokhmanets
Functional Materials. — 2008. — 15, No. 1. — Р. 90—96.


The influence of radiation exchange in a crystal-melt system for different (from the point of view of optical properties) material classes and crystal growing methods (at constant crystal-melt system thickness and at a constant melt thickness) is considered. The general approach is based on using of modified numerical one-dimensional crystallization model at radiation-conductive heat exchange. The radiation heat transfer in a crystal-melt system provides conditions for faster front movement. In this case, most favorable conditions with large temperature gradients are created in system with transparent crystal and opaque melt. At simultaneous crystal and melt “transparency” the temperature gradients in melt may decrease and cause stability loss of the directed crystallization.

Experimental and numerical analysis of coupled interfacial kinetics and heat transport during the axial heat flux close to the phase interface growth of BGO single crystals
art_1.pdf (494.77 kB)
S. V. Bykova, V. D. Golyshev, M. A. Gonik, V. B. Tsvetovsky, V. I. Deshko, A. Ya. Karvatskii, A. V. Lenkin, S. Brandon, O. Weinstein, A. Virozub, J. J. Derby, A. Yeckel, P. Sonda
J. of Crystal Growth. — 2004. — Vol. 266, Issues 1—3. — P. 246—256.


Combined experimental and numerical tools are used to analyze the effect of convective and radiative heat transport, faceting phenomena, and the optical thickness of the Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO) crystal on the measurement and calculation of melt/crystal interface kinetics during the axial heat flux close to the phase interface growth of BGO single crystals. Results show that, in the general case, accurate determination of growth kinetic relations requires the application of models which account for all of the above phenomena (radiative and convective heat transport, faceting phenomena, etc.). Failure to take these into account may result not only in quantitative errors, but also even in qualitatively wrong determination of interfacial kinetic mechanisms.

Efficiency analysis of the use of highly graphitized Bottom blocks in 156 – 160 kA aluminum electrolyzers
art_2.pdf (349.16 kB)
O. Yu. Urazlina, V. I. Churilin, E. N. Panov, G. N. Vasil’chenko and A. Ya. Karvatskii
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics. — 2005. — Vol. 46, No. 2. — P. 93—97.


A comprehensive efficiency analysis of the energy consumption is carried out for two types of aluminum electrolyzers using graphitized bottom blocks available from the Ukrainian Graphite JSC. The use of bottom blocks high in graphite (50 and 70%) leads to economic consumption of electric power, increased output, and extended service life of the electrolyzers.

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Crystal Growth Rate Dependence on Facet Undercooling for Dielectric Crystal Growth from the Melt
art_3.pdf (1.01 MB)

S. V. Bykova, V. D. Golyshev, M. A. Gonik, V. B. Tsvetovsky, V. I. Deshko, A. Ya. Karvatskii, A. V. Lenkin

J. of Heat Transfer Engineering. — 2006. — Vol. 27, Number 2/March. — P. 43—57.


Combined experimental and numerical tools are developed and used to define more exactly the growth kinetic relations for (211) crystallographic orientation of Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO) crystal growth—namely, the dependence of crystal growth rate V on supercooling, ∆T of the melt/crystal interface. A new apparatus for in situ measurements of the time dependence of the supercooling, ∆T(t), was used, and a new, two-dimensional numerical model was applied to analyze the effect of temperature boundary conditions and faceting phenomena on the character of the observed V(∆T) dependence. The measurements of the ∆T(t) dependence show that there is a large enough undercooling and a novel effect of the appearance of the local maximum on ∆T(t) dependence at the finish of crystallization. Results on V(∆T) dependence show that, for the variant of the crystal growth technique used (melt cooling during axial heating process method [AHP]), the type of the V(∆T) dependence does not depend on boundary conditions. The new investigations illustrate the superlinear behavior for V(∆T) dependence for (211) BGO crystallographic orientation and show that previous data on sublinear behavior of V(∆T) dependence for this crystallographic orientation of BGO have not been justified.

The complex heat exchange model at growing of large alkali halide crystals
fm174-14.pdf (423.71 kB)

A.V.Kolesnikov, V.I.Deshko, Yu.V.Lokhmanets, A.Ya.Karvatskii, I.K.Kirichenko

Primary scientific and technical problems at the increase of power efficiency of aluminium cells
art_10.pdf (687.66 kB)

E.N. Panov, A. Ya. Karvatskii, S. V. Leleka


Increase of energy cost is highly significant for energy-intensive industrial branches, in particular, for competitiveness of aluminium producers. Therefore, the development and construction of electrolysis cells with decreased specific power consumption and increased lifetime of cathode assembly are of vital importance. Nowadays numerous projects are under intensive development devoted to the electrolysis cells of this type with consideration of preliminary MHD estimations, power and mechanical properties supported with subsequent engineering projects. However, rather frequently the anticipated results do not match actual consequences. One of the major reasons is a set of uncertainties at every stage of development. This is relevant both for methods of modeling of electrolysis cell state, and for influence of changes in technological schedule and properties of involved raw materials on technological process, and for changes of properties of raw materials depending on supplier and manufacturing process, external factors and so on. This report discusses only some of the challenges we met at solution of actual problems, however, we believe, that the discussed scope of the challenges prevents the achievement of reliable approaches and requires for conductance of supplemental investigations. It should be noted, that the development of «successful» design of electrolysis cell results in significantly higher cost savings than the investments into the conductance of such supplemental investigations.

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  • United Сompany RUSAL
    United Сompany RUSAL
  • Братский алюминиевый завод (РУСАЛ Братск)
    Братский алюминиевый завод (РУСАЛ Братск)
  • Волгоградский алюминиевый завод (ВгАЗ)
    Волгоградский алюминиевый завод (ВгАЗ)
  • Запорожский производственный алюминиевый комбинат (ЗАлК)
    Запорожский производственный алюминиевый комбинат (ЗАлК)
  • Иркутский алюминиевый завод (ИркАЗ)
    Иркутский алюминиевый завод (ИркАЗ)
  • Кандалакшский алюминиевый завод (КАЗ)
    Кандалакшский алюминиевый завод (КАЗ)
  • Красноярский алюминиевый завод (РУСАЛ Красноярск)
    Красноярский алюминиевый завод (РУСАЛ Красноярск)
  • Саяногорский алюминиевый завод (РУСАЛ Саяногорск)
    Саяногорский алюминиевый завод (РУСАЛ Саяногорск)
  • Хакасский алюминиевый завод (ХАЗ)
    Хакасский алюминиевый завод (ХАЗ)
  • Инженерно-технологический центр РУСАЛ
    Инженерно-технологический центр РУСАЛ
  • Всероссийский алюминиево-магниевый институт (РУСАЛ ВАМИ)
    Всероссийский алюминиево-магниевый институт (РУСАЛ ВАМИ)
  • ОАО
    ОАО "СибВАМИ"
  • Alkorus Engineering Ltd
    Alkorus Engineering Ltd
  • ОАО “Укрграфит”
    ОАО “Укрграфит”
  • ЗАО
    ЗАО "Новосибирский электродный завод"
  • ОАО
    ОАО "Новочеркасский электродный завод"
  • ОАО
    ОАО "Киевский картонно-бумажный комбинат"

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